What Does A Pain Management Specialist Do?

Jun 22, 2023 | Pain Management

If you suffer from chronic pain, you know how much of an impact it can have on a person’s quality of life. Pain lasting more than three months can inflict physical, emotional, and social damage on any person’s well-being. 

When pain just won’t go away, it’s important to find specialized care to manage your symptoms effectively and improve your overall health.

One crucial aspect of managing chronic pain is understanding the role of a pain management doctor or specialist. These medical professionals can provide tailored treatment plans and strategies to help patients manage their pain and regain control of their lives.

What Does a Pain Management Specialist Do?

When people ask, “What does a pain management doctor do?” they want to understand the role and function of these types of specialists. A pain management doctor, or pain management specialist, is a medical professional who is trained to diagnose and treat the pain that comes with various health conditions. They differ from other healthcare providers in that they focus solely on treating pain and its underlying causes.

These practitioners often work in cooperation with other medical professionals including the patient’s primary care physician, physical therapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, and other healthcare professionals. This collaborative approach ensures that patients receive comprehensive care that addresses all aspects of their pain, including physical, emotional, and psychological factors.

What Conditions Do Pain Management Specialists Treat?

Pain management specialists treat a wide range of conditions, including:

Back Pain (Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral)

Whether it is due to muscle strain, herniated discs, or spinal stenosis, back pain is one of the most common reasons people visit pain management doctors.

Neck Pain (Cervical)

This type of pain can be caused by poor posture, muscle strain, or issues with the cervical spine.


Pain from arthritis can range from mild discomfort to debilitating joint pain that seriously impacts daily functioning.


This chronic pain disorder often involves widespread musculoskeletal pain, accompanied by fatigue and sleep disturbances.

Nerve Pain

Neuropathic pain can result from nerve damage due to injury, disease, or even certain medications.


These severe headaches can cause intense pain, sensitivity to light and sound, and nausea.

Joint Pain

A frequent condition that is the focus of many pain management specialists, joint pain can occur in many areas across the body including knees, hips, wrists, shoulders, and elbows.

Accurate diagnosis is crucial for developing an effective treatment plan, which is why pain management specialists use various diagnostic tools to identify the underlying cause of a patient’s pain. Once the cause is identified, the practitioner will work with the patient to create a personalized treatment plan toward managing the patient’s pain.

Types of Pain Management Treatments

There are many treatment options available for managing chronic pain, and a pain management practitioner will work with each patient to develop a personalized plan that addresses their specific needs. Some common treatments include:

Interventional Procedures

These minimally invasive techniques can help provide relief for specific pain conditions. Examples include nerve blocks, steroid injections, and radiofrequency ablation. 


Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help manage mild to moderate pain. Topical treatments, like creams or patches, can also provide targeted relief. Prescription medications, such as opioids or muscle relaxants, may be used for more severe pain under careful supervision, but should only be used in extreme cases or as a last resort. 

Physical Therapy and Exercise

Strengthening and stretching exercises can help improve muscle function and alleviate pain. Posture improvement techniques can also be beneficial for reducing strain on the spine. Aquatic therapy is another option that provides low-impact exercise in a supportive environment.

Alternative Therapies

Some patients find relief through alternative treatments like dry-needling, massage therapy, biofeedback, or mindfulness and relaxation techniques. These approaches can be used in conjunction with traditional medical treatments to provide comprehensive pain management.

How to Find a Pain Management Specialist

Finding a qualified pain management specialist is essential for receiving the best possible care for your chronic pain. Some tips for finding the right provider include:


Ask your primary care physician or provider for recommendations. They may have colleagues they trust and can refer you to.


Friends, family members, or support groups may have experience with pain management doctors and can provide suggestions based on their experiences.

Online Research and Reviews

Websites like Healthgrades or Vitals can offer helpful information on pain management doctors in your area, including patient reviews and ratings.

HPM Location Finder

HPM is a leading provider of pain management services in towns across rural America. You can search for a location near you by clicking here.

The Importance of Communication

When you visit a pain management practitioner, be sure to do your part to develop a strong practitioner-patient relationship, which is essential for successful pain management. Effective communication allows your specialist to understand your symptoms better, while trust ensures that you feel comfortable discussing your concerns and following their recommendations.

Some tips for effectively communicating your pain and symptoms include:

  • Share your pain story: what happened, when it happened, and how it’s felt since
  • Be specific about the location, intensity, and duration of your pain
  • Describe any triggers or activities that worsen or alleviate your pain
  • Discuss how your pain impacts your daily life and well-being

Remember that honesty is essential in this relationship. Be open about your medical history, current medications, and any concerns you may have about treatments.

Find Help with HPM

The role of a pain management specialist is vital in helping chronic pain patients regain control of their lives. By providing specialized care and personalized treatment plans, these professionals can make a significant difference in the lives of those struggling with chronic pain.

HPM operates pain management clinics throughout rural America, offering patients access to dedicated professionals who specialize in treating chronic pain. Reach out to an HPM clinic near you to start your journey toward managing your pain.

Learn more about pain management by visiting HPM’s blog.